Harbor energy as wave power and tidal power is new renewable, “green” energy, which represents technology with antequence, limiting negative environmental impacts and positive environmental benefits. However, the negative environmental aspects that may exist need to be highlighted and taken care of through both preschools, modeling, monitoring and knowledge management. This will include both general and facility-specific / site-specific environmental impacts. Round Environmental Center with Lars G. Golmen is centrally placed in international work in this area, through the IEA and ICES working groups.
Norway is engaged in the International Energy Agency IEA’s work on marine energy and the environment. This is organized in Annex 4 under the umbrella (Implementing Agreement) IEA-OES: Ocean Energy Systems, where Norway v / NFR is an official member. http://www.ocean-energy-systems.org/
OES Annex 4 takes care of marine energy and the environment, environmental monitoring and environmental impacts of various types of plants, says Golmen. The Annex 4 Group has representatives from 13 OES countries, and is Leia of PNNL: Pacific Northwest Laboratories in the United States. The group meets a couple of times a year, usually in connection with conferences. Annex 4 has several ongoing tasks, etc. to maintain and update a database for marine energy and environmental impacts; Tethys database: http://tethys.pnnl.gov/. Here are very useful information gathering, both over facility types, existing installations and conducted tests and demonstrations, as well as references to reports and publications from theoretical studies and environmental monitoring. Much of this will be useful also for offshore winds. The group also organizes workshops and prepares and updates Best Practice Environmental Monitoring Document. The review of international regulations, legislation and land-based planning at sea is central to the work, and Golmen has recently collected data for this for the situation in Norway.
Annex 4 published in the beginning of 2016, a single report, State of the Science, for what is known about the environmental impact of port facilities and its correlation can be monitored and documented in the best possible way. Consider the various stressors of the plant, such as the physical installation, noise and sound in the sea, possible contamination unit and electromagnetic field (EMF). Surveillance methodology is reported for marine mammals, birds, fish and other pelagic fauna, as well as for botany fauna and seaweed (ascension) where applicable. The Tethys database and the new report constitute a useful reference base for Round Environment Center, concludes Golmen.
You can read all of the reports here: http://tethys.pnnl.gov/publications/state-of-the-science-2016
(Image is a link to the Norwegian context in the report)